Ashwagandha herb and root extract health benefit
Use for stress reduction, anxiety treatment, depression and mood, relaxationExtract dose and dosage
Influence on thyroid hormone level, weight loss, blood pressure, cortisol, adrenal gland and testosterone, dopamine, estrogen, effect on hair, erectile dysfunction, impotence
Withania somnifera plant research studies, powder, influence on cancer, sleep, thyroid, adrenal, testosterone, 500 mg capsule high quality
February 1 2017

Ashwagandha is an herb used in Ayurvedic medicine for a number of health conditions. Known by the botanical name withania somnifera, it is a popular medicinal plant. Many people use this herb for general vitality, although the effects are not similar to ginseng. Rather than providing restless energy as does ginseng, ashwagandha often causes relaxation and can be used for stress or tension relief.

Benefit of this root extract, what conditions it is used for
Ashwagandha is used to treat a number of disorders that affect human health including central nervous system (CNS) disorders, particularly in epilepsy, stress and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disorders, tardive dyskinesia, cerebral ischemia, and even in the management of drug addiction. The most useful usage is to reduce stress and perhaps aid in sleep. However, if you take a high dosage or a concentrated extract, you may not notice the relaxation effect as much.
We not sure if this herb should be called a nootropic or a memory supplement. Withania may lead to mild improvement in these areas but there are other herbal extracts or nutrients that work much better, or a combination formula called Mind Power Rx.
It could be of benefit for erectile dysfunction or impotence, or to enhance libido, perhaps it has an influence on nitric oxide but there are other, stronger libido herbs such as maca, Rhodiola, tribulus and ginseng or a combination formula called Passion Rx Yohimbe.

Purchase Ashwagandha root extract herbal product 500 mg capsules – High quality
Amount Per Capsule:
Ashwagandha root extract, 500 mg per pill

Purchase Ashwagandha extract, Passion Rx libido booster or Mind Power Rx brain booster

Purchase Ashwagandha herb root supplement, Mind Power Rx for mental enhancement, or Passion Rx natural libido booster
Suggested Use: As an herbal dietary supplement, take one ashwagandha capsule a few times a week. This herb, in some individuals, may cause drowsiness. Others who are restless or anxious may feel relaxation but no drowsiness. Afternoon or early evening is a good time to take.

Ashwagandha extract is also found in these two popular and effective products:
Mind Power Rx brain booster for men and women
Passion Rx with Yohimbe sex booster for men and women.

Dosage and products sold over the counter, how much to take, when to take
A typical dose of ashwagandha is about 500 mg to 1,000 mg of the powder, full spectrum. If the ashwagandha product you have purchased is an extract, such as a 2 to 1 extract or 5 to 1 extract, then your dosage would be lower. It is not possible to know which product will work for you best unless you try each one separately.

Different products available in health food stores and online
I am writing to see if you can help me to understand the different kinds of ashwagandha herb products. I want to take the herb because I suffer from insomnia. I fall asleep straight away, then, I wake up between 3 am to 4 am unable to go asleep again. I am a woman living in Australia, 70 years old. I do not take any prescription medications. I suffer from macular degeneration and high blood pressure derived from a brain tumor that was operated 2 years ago. I have a healthy lifestyle.
A. Ashwagandha is sold as plain powder in capsules. It is also sold in higher potencies such as higher percentages of withanolides. The higher the potency, the lower dosage you would take. It is also sold by some companies that list the percentage of withanolides, the active ingredients. Some products say 1.5 % withanolides, others say 3%, and there are still higher percentages. Rather than being overly concerned about the different products on the market, choose one and start with lower amounts and increase the dosage to the point where it starts giving you benefits. Ashwagandha is not the best supplement for sleep, there are more effective ones such as melatonin, 5HTP, tryptophan, passion flower, theanine and hops.

Composition and chemistry
Withania somnifera root has withanolides along with beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol glucoside, stigmasterol glucoside, and alpha+beta glucose. Some of the withanolides include withaferin.

Side effects, risk, danger, safety
Short term ashwagandha side effects include sleepiness and drowsiness. However, some products may cause alertness. There appears to be variations in effects between different products on the market. This may be due to the dosage, extract potencies, or manufacturing and processing differences. There have not been enough human studies to know the full extent of ashwagandha side effects if used daily for months or years. There are some concerns that it may influence they thryoid gland to release more thyroid hormone. It’s influence on testosterone, dopamine, serotonin, and estrogen are not clearly understood.

Human studies

Depression treatment
Ashawagandha does not appear to be an effective herb for depression. Other supplements that are more effective include 5-HTP, SAM-e, mucuna pruriens, and St. John’s wort.

Assessing depression following two ancient Indian interventions: effects of yoga and ayurveda on older adults in a residential home.
J Gerontol Nurs. 2007; Krishnamurthy MN. Division of Life Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga University, Bangalore, India.
The effects of yoga and ayurveda on geriatric depression were evaluated in persons older than 60. Participants were stratified by age and gender and randomly allocated to three groups: Yoga, Ayurveda, or Wait-list Control. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale was used to assess depressive symptoms prior to the intervention, and after 3 months and 6 months post-intervention. Participation in one of the three groups lasted 24 weeks. The yoga program (7 hours 30 minutes per week) included physical postures, relaxation techniques, regulated breathing, devotional songs, and lectures. The Ayurveda Group received an herbal preparation twice daily for the whole period. The depression symptom scores of the Yoga Group at both 3 and 6 months decreased significantly, from a group average baseline of 10 to 8 and 6, respectively. The other groups showed no change. Hence, an integrated approach of yoga including the mental and philosophical aspects in addition to the physical practices was useful for institutionalized older persons.

Animal studies

Brain and nerve protection
Phytother Res. 2014. Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability of Bioactive Withanamides Present in Withania somnifera Fruit Extract. The brain cell protective effect of Withania somnifera fruit extract, in rodent models, is being investigated. Withanamides, the primary active constituents in W. somnifera fruit extract exhibited neuroprotective effects against β-amyloid-induced cell damage in neuronal cell culture studies. Therefore, we investigated the blood-brain barrier permeability of withanamides in W. somnifera fruit extract in mice. Mice were administered with W. somnifera extract by intraperitoneal injection, and blood and brain samples analyzed. Four major withanamides were detected in brain and blood of mice. Withanamides crossed the blood-brain barrier. These results may help to develop W. somnifera fruit extract as a preventive or therapeutic botanical drug or medicine for stress-induced neurological disorders.

Diabetes and metformin
Amelioration of metformin-induced hypothyroidism by Withania somnifera and Bauhinia purpurea extracts in Type 2 diabetic mice.
Phytother Res. 2009. Jatwa R. Endocrine Research Unit, School of Life Sciences, Devi Ahilya University, Indore, M.P., India.
An investigation was carried out to reveal the possible ameliorative role of two plant extracts on an antidiabetic drug-induced hypothyroidism in Type 2 diabetic animals. Oral administration with either Withania somnifera or Bauhinia purpurea extract along with dexamethasone and metformin elevated the concentrations of circulating T3 and T4 to euthyroid level. Our findings reveal that the evaluated plant extracts have a potential to ameliorate metformin-induced hypothyroidism in Type 2 diabetic subjects.

Kidney disease
Effect of extract of Withania Somnifera on dehydration-induced oxidative stress-related uremia in male rats.
Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010; Samanta TT, Samanta P. Department of Physiology, Raja N. L. Khan Women’s College, Midnapore, Dist: Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India.
Dehydration or water deprivation in the body decreases urinary excretion and allows urea and other protein waste products to accumulate in the blood. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association of uremia and oxidative stress by applying the herbal plant Withania somnifera. The study was performed on male Wister strain rats in which, dehydration was achieved by water withdrawal. Dehydration-induced oxidative stress was established in our study by noting the low activities of super-oxide dismutase and catalase, both important antioxidant enzymes, in Group-2 animals; both enzymes were stabilized in animals of Groups-3 and 1. It is hypothesized that there is an antioxidative role of W. somnifera resulting in reducing the extent of renal injury as a result of oxidative stress.

In vitro studies

Immune modulation and apoptosis induction: Two sides of antitumoural activity of a standardised herbal formulation of Withania somnifera.
Eur J Cancer. 2009. Malik F, Kumar A, Bhushan S, Sharma R, Khajuria A, Qazi GN. Division of Pharmacology, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Canal Road, Jammu, India.
We report in this study a chemically standardised herbal formulation of ashwagandha possessing anticancer and Th1 immune up-regulatory activities. Withania somnifera produced cytotoxicity in a panel of human cancer cell lines in vitro. The molecular mechanism of cell cytotoxicity was investigated in HL-60, where it induced apoptosis by activating both intrinsic and extrinsic signalling pathways. Withania somnifera also enhanced T cell activation in camptothecin treated tumour-bearing mice. Ashwagnadha being safe when given orally up to 1500mg/kg to rats for 6 months may be found useful in the management of malignancy by targeting at multiple pathways.

Withania somnifera: a novel source of L-asparaginase.
J Integr Plant Biol. 2009; Oza VP, Trivedi SD, Subramanian RB. BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, V V Nagar (Gujarat), India.

Interactions with medications
Anti-anxiety medications
I am taking clonazepam for last 12 years as I can not work w/o taking it. I was diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. If I take ashwagandha, I feel drowsiness. Can I take both if yes, please suggest suitable dose so that we can get rid of clonazepam, Klonopin. Also let me know about side effects if we take both ashwagandha and clonazepam.
A. Each person is different in their response. There are different brands with different extract potencies so it is difficult to be precise with dosages, each brand may provided different sedation or other effects and the same product may give different effects in different people. Not everybody responds the same way to a medication or supplement. One option is to begin with low dosages, which could even be half of a capsule. Ashwagandha is not nearly as effective an anti anxiety drug such as Xanax.

Use with natural supplements
Bacopa Monnieri – Ashwagandha can be taken in the evening while bacopa monnieri pills are taken in the morning.

CDP Choline – The herb can be taken in the evening while bacopa pills are taken in the morning.

Forskolin or coleus forskohlii – Withania can be taken in the evening while forskolin pills are taken in the morning.

Valerian root – Ashwagandha root can be used together with valerian herb.

Other products online
Withania somnifera, Winter Cherry, 250 mg per capsule
Withania powder 500 mg per capsule
Root extract (standardized to min 4.5% total withanolides) 450 mg per capsule
Various tinctures and teas are sold over the counter, it is also available in tablets.